Ehrlichiosis in Dogs


Ehrlichiosis is a tick born disease in dogs that may be caused by many different organisms. In most cases, the dog is infected with Ehrlichia canes, but can also be caused by Ana plasma phagocytophilum and chaffeensis ehrlichiosis Ehrlich (former Ehrlich fair). Canine ehrlichiosis is known under various names, such as typhoid dog, rickettsial, Tracker dog disease, canine hemorrhagic fever, pancytopenia tropical and the dog.

Despite being a problem especially for dogs, cats and humans are infected with ehrlichiosis. Some studies suggest that the German shepherd dogs may be particularly prone to ehrlichiosis. If your dog develops ehrlichiosis, the prognosis is good if it has received proper medical care in time. If the disease reaches the chronic stage, the risk of dog is higher. If bone marrow depression sets in and the amount of blood cells decreases, some dogs do not respond to all processing of.

The transmission of ehrlichiosis

Ehrlichiosis is transmitted dogs brown dog tick. And 'theoretically possible for people to get the dog Ehrlichiosis, but not in time with a dog infected with the disease is transmitted by ticks, is not a standard connection.

Stages of Ehrlichiosis in dogs

There are three stages of Ehrlichiosis. The first stage is called the acute phase, the second phase of the latent phase, and the third phase of the chronic phase. During the subclinical, the dog usually shows no sign of disease. Some dogs remain subclinical phase, at the end of their lives, are infected by the parasite but show no signs of it. Other dogs manage to kill all the parasites during the subclinical phase. If the disease progresses to the third, the chronic phase, the situation becomes very serious for a dog because of a chronic Ehrlichiosis can be fatal.

Ehrlichiosis in dogs symptoms

The acute phases of ehrlichiosis are common during the hot season, because that's when ticks are active and suck the blood of dogs. The symptoms of acute ehrlichiosis usually appear 1-3 weeks after the bite and the last for 2-4 weeks. The acute phase may occur several weeks after infection. An infected dog may suffer from secretions from the nose and eyes, swelling of the legs and scrotum, bleeding disorders, vacuities, lymphadenopathy, petechiae, and fever.

If the disease develops into a chronic phase of ehrlichiosis, dogs can begin with claudication, weight loss, cough, anemia causes pale gums, causing bleeding from thrombocytopenia, lameness, vacuities, dispend, lymphadenopathy, polyuria, polydipsia, neurological problems, and eye problems such as retinal hemorrhage and anterior ileitis.

Prevention of Ehrlichiosis

Restrict access to the dog tick infested habitats. When the dog has visited the brand-infested habitats, is to check for ticks and remove ticks immediately. In theory, check your dog for ticks several times a day if you live in an area where the dog is Ehrlichiosis. In addition, you can reduce the risk of tick bites by applying a topical anti-tick treatments, such as fipronil or permethrin, or giving your dog an anti-tick collars.

Areas heavily affected by Ehrlichiosis, a small dose of tetracycline is taken every day during the summer can prevent the disease. Keep in mind that was used up to 200 days, depending on the length of the tick season.

Treatment of ehrlichiosis

A form of ehrlichiosis dog should receive antibiotics such as doxycycline or tetracycline for at least 6-8 weeks. You may need fluids intravenously or subcutaneously in the fight against dehydration and dogs with anemia may require blood transfusion. If the pallet level dropped dangerously low, steroids may be helpful.


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